8: Laws such as public disorder, vagrancy, loitering and state recognised religious provisions are used to prosecute women who sell sex. (e.g. Malaysia)


Section 146 of the Penal Act makes it illegal to live off the earnings of a sex worker. This has been understood by lower order courts to include her own earning as well as those of another sex worker. It has been used to bring charges against sex workers under 184(c) of the Penal Code  provides that a person found in a place in circumstances which lead to the conclusion that such person is there for an illegal purpose, is deemed a rogue and vagabond.


Profiting from prostitution is made illegal by the Revised Penal Code.

Local ordinances license 'entertainment establishments' including “night clubs, sauna, massage clinics, discotheques, videoke/karaoke bars, cocktail lounges, beer gardens, pub houses and other establishments wherein the services of hired entertainers are employed and patrons are entertained” (Ordinance no. 09, Series 2000, General Santos City).

Macao Special Administrative Region

Soliciting in a public place for prostitution under the Criminal Code.
Keeping a brothel is illegal and it is an offence to ‘control prostitution’ or act as an agent encouraging prostitution.
Sex workers complain that most police officers have do not provide the reasons for raids and arrests.
Many sex workers enter on two week visas from China that known to be for sex work but many experience harassment and arrest if they overstay.
It is not illegal to buy sex.
HIV and STI testing are voluntary.

Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region)

Soliciting for any immoral purpose in a public place is made illegal by Section 147 of the Crimes Ordinance .
Some of the many migrant sex workers from the mainland and other countries are prosecuted for fake visas and identity cards.
It is an offense to keep a brothel which is defined as a place in which than one sex worker operates and to control of sex workers.
Offences under the Crimes Ordinance include:


All commercial sex is made illegal by Islamic sharia law that criminalises sex out of marriage. Article 88(a) of the Maldivian Penal Code 1967 makes it an offence to disobey an order issued lawfully within the sharia. Article 88(a) is regarded as a catch-all provision to cover situations involving conduct considered by officials or police to be immoral. Provision 173/ 13 of the rules governs the offence of fornication. The offence prohibits persons


It is illegal to solicit in public for the purposes of prostitution.
It is illegal to operate a brothel and to live on the earnings of prostitution.
In 2003 in a short-lived effort to stop sex work the Government of Kiribati banned Korean fishing boats from coming its main harbor.
Enforcement of sex work law is low but public order offenses are routinely used against sex workers.
Buying sex is not illegal
HIV testing is voluntary.


The Penal Code makes it illegal for women to sell sex in public or private and all forms of brothel keeping and assisting prostitution is also illegal.
Because adultery is illegal and carries the same penalty as engaging in sex work buying sex is technically illegal.
Sex workers report that police sometimes abuse them and demand sex without payment. Transgender sex workers in particular experience violence and discrimination.
HIV testing is voluntary and confidential.


The Criminal Code of Algeria makes it illegal to soliciting to sell sex and to aid, assist or protect the prostitution of others; to share the profits of a person who is regularly engaged in prostitution; to live with a person who is regularly engaged in prostitution; and to procuring a person for prostitution.

The code also prohibits keeping, managing, causing to operate, financing, or contributing to the financing of an establishment for the purpose of prostitution.


It is illegal to operate a brothel other than in a designated 'tolerance zone'. Sex workers are required to attend STI clinics.

Law enforcement is corrupt and violent and the requirement for health checks is not carried out in practice


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