Further reading

This article addresses the idea there has been a recent strengthening of traditional, socially-conservative views on women in Muslim societies, even in Western countries and outlines ways the author sees in challenging such views intellectually and promoting reform, gender-equality and freedom.

Hasan, U.
Plain Islam (2016)

The author takes the view that Muslim  nation  states  and  the  global  arena  are  seeing  rapid  changes,  interconnections  and  cross  discourses  about  human  rights, women’s human rights, Islamic human rights and pluralism. They suggest it is important that Muslim women and men take leading roles in assessing what these mean in the context of cultures, countries, and religion.

Wadud, A.
Musawah (2016)

In a presentation prepared for the he Women's Center, Eastern Washington University, this researcher from the University of Cape Coast Ghana, attempts to combat the patriarchal image of God and the spirit world by providing a feminine approach to deity in African traditional religion, and concludes that women in addition to having an intimate knowledge and experience of the spiritual world play, within the religious milieu, a very functionally significant and economically relevant role in the religious life of their people as ritual specialists and upholders of the moral values of the community.

Kojo, K.
Mami Wata West African Diaspora Vodoun (2016)

The article starts with commonly asked questions about the role of women in the Bible. Christians the author states, disagree over whether equality or the principle of a husband's family leadership and authority over his wife should apply in the modern world. Is the man's authority over his wife and family a great spiritual principle decreed by God for all time, or is it, like the Bible's teachings about slavery, just a reflection of the realities of Biblical-era culture?

Christian Bible Reference Site (2016)

This article suggests further references and background information for interpreting Bible passages on the role of women in the Church. It concludes that many people interpret the fact that Jesus appointed only male apostles, and the New Testament passages cited above as  an absolute prohibition of a ministerial role for women.

Christian Bible Reference Site (2016)

Sourced from the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs, this manual is designed to be used as a reference for religious leaders (RLs), Imams and Preachers, in addition to anyone who is involved in offering guidance and increasing awareness among individuals. The manual provides important information regarding family health, in accordance to Islamic values, and addresses changing societal requirements.

Ministry of Awqaf, Islamic Affairs and Holy Places (MAIAHP), in cooperation with the Higher Population Council (HPC) and Jordan Health Communication Partnership (JHCP) (2016)

The authors engage with HIV and AIDS and employ the concept of redemptive masculinities to characterize and identify masculinities that are life-giving in a world reeling from the effects of violence and the AIDS pandemic. they seek to underline the importance of religio-cultural resources in the emergence of liberating "more peaceful and harmonious masculinities”.

Chirongoma, S. and Chitando, E. (eds)
World Council of Churches (2012)

The author writes that Quranic teachings clearly outline the gender relations through major concepts that promote gender equality and justice in all levels, and that Islam teaches that all people are created equal in worth and value regardless of race, ethnicity, gender or class. An examination of gender equality through quotations from various surah.

Alwani, Z.
Fiqh Council of North America (2011)

In some Christian circles in Africa, male headship is a defining notion of masculinity. The central question in this article is how discourses on masculinity that affirm male headship can be understood.



van Klinken, A.
International Association for the Study of Religion and Gender (IARG) (2011)

The article analyses and discusses the different masculinity politics and contributes to the debate by  providing an eschatological perspective to the transformation of masculinities. As a result of the HIV epidemic, masculinities in sub-Saharan Africa have become problematised. There is called for a transformation of masculinities. But what is the vision of such a transformation?

van Klinken, A.
Journal of Theology for Southern Africa (2010)

This World Council of Churches manual presents their views on men as partners, and promoting positive masculinities.

Sheerattan-Bisnauth, P. and Vinod Peacock, P.
MenEngage (2010)