1: There are laws or regulations that require sex workers to undergo medical examination (e.g. Latvia)

Guam

Selling sex in public and private is illegal. Brothel keeping and organizing prostitution is illegal
Women who work in 'entertainment establishments' such as massage parlours, karaoke clubs and strip bars must submit to STI and HIV testing by the Massage Parlour Regulations. These regulations require massage parlour managers to ensure that workers are certified to be free of STIs and HIV. There is poor compliance with the regulations which is estimates to cover only 12 % of those workers.

Philippines

Profiting from prostitution is made illegal by the Revised Penal Code.

Local ordinances license 'entertainment establishments' including “night clubs, sauna, massage clinics, discotheques, videoke/karaoke bars, cocktail lounges, beer gardens, pub houses and other establishments wherein the services of hired entertainers are employed and patrons are entertained” (Ordinance no. 09, Series 2000, General Santos City).

Bolivia

Since 2001 sex can be sold from permitted brothels and by licensed sex workers. Female must register and must undergo regular health checks for sexually transmitted diseases every 20 days and police can check whether the prostitutes are registered and have attended the STI clinic or not. Operators of unlicensed brothels and unregistered sex workers are guilty of an offence. Enforcement of these provisions is weak and access to health care is poor so in practice compliance is low.

Singapore

  • It is illegal to solicit in public to sell sex, to live on the earnings of a prostitute and to maintain a brothel.
  • In practice, police tolerate and monitor a limited number of brothels including requiring workers in them to undergo periodic health checks and carry a ‘health card’.
  • It is an offence under the Infectious Disease Act for a person living with HIV to engage in activities that could pass on HIV to another person.
  • The law is not used in respect of male sex work but is used against transwomen who sell sex.
  • It is not illegal to buy sex.

Kazakhstan

  • The Criminal Code makes it illegal to force or procure for the purposes of prostitution; to live on the earnings of prostitution; to organise or keep or allow premises to be used as a brothel. (Articles 134, 308, 309 and 128)
  • Soliciting to sell sex in public places is prohibited by an administrative article (449) so sex workers cannot challenge fines issued under this article.
  • Buying sex is not illegal.
  • Laws apply to both male and female sex work.

Croatia

<ul><li>Selling sex is made illegal by Article 12 of the Act on Misdemeanours against Public Peace and Order which criminalises ‘falling into prostitution.’ This means selling sex repeatedly.</li><li>Convicted women can be compelled undergo testing and treatment for STIs and HIV and/or expelled from the district in which the offence was committed for 30 days to 6 months.</li><li>Organising the prostitution of others is prohibited both by the Act on Misdemeanours against Public Peace and Order and the Criminal Code in which Article 7 criminalises allowing

Vietnam

  • The Ordinance on Prostitution Prevention and Control 2003 'strictly prohibits':
  1. buying and selling sex;
  2. harboring prostitution;
  3. organizing prostitution activities;
  4. forcing prostitution;
  5. brokering prostitution;
  6. protecting prostitution;
  7. abusing the service business for prostitution activities and other acts related to prostitution activities as prescribed by law.
  • Article 23 of the Ordinance provides that 'prostitutes shall, depending on the nature and seriousness of their violations, be administratively sa

USA

  • The United States is a federal system in which each state enacts different laws about sex work.  In most states all aspects of buying selling and organising sexual services are illegal.

Uruguay

  • Uruguay's 2002 Sex Work Law (Law no. 1 7,515) explicitly states that sex work is legal and specifies the conditions in which it can take place.

Tunisia

Sex work is regulated Article 231 of the Tunisian Penal Code 1942 law which identifies obligations of sex workers and brothel managers in resect of medical administration.
To register as a sex worker a woman must be over 18, unmarried and certified to be mentally capable and negative to 'infectious or septic' diseases.
Registered sex workers are allowed to work in their private residences or tolerated brothels. Brothels can lose their licenses if a sex worker is employed who has not submitted to a medical check.

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