Further reading

Addressing harmful practices as a core concern for the process of follow up to the United Nations Study on Violence against Children provides a solid basis for advancing a common goal to effectively protect children from all forms of violence, wherever they may occur. This report aims to be a critical contribution for the consolidation of the right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence.

International NGO Council on Violence against Children (2015)

A number of non-governmental organisations (NGOs), including South African Sonke Gender Justice Network, Ubuntu Institute, CARE International and Zambian Women For Change (WFC), work with traditional leaders on the continent on how to address gender-based violence, promote gender equality and reduce HIV/AIDS in their communities. This case study provides an overview of the efforts made by organisatons in tackling traditional practices they see as harmful, across South Africa and other African countries, by working together with traditional leaders in communities.

Palitza, K.
Sonke Gender Justice Network (2014)

Femnet suggests that there is a stronger African leadership and real momentum for change on female genital mutilation across the continent. More women and men in communities, traditional and religious leaders, and national policy makers are speaking out and taking actions to end the practice.

FEMNET (2014)

The paper maintains that lobola exacerbates gender based violence against  females and that gender constructions of masculinity condone and encourage male violence. Patriarchy as a system thrives on the use of sexual violence and rape, the threat of and the actual use of force resulting in GBV in the home and the institution of marriage. 

Matope, N., Nyevero, M., Chauraya, E., and Bondai, B
Journal of Education Research and Behavioral Sciences (2013)

Bride wealth – or lobola – has undergone a radical transformation in Zimbabwe according to the author. This article looks at how the lobola payment has changed from a simple cultural practice into a highly commercialised venture – and how this has affected women, both positively and negatively.

Chabata, T.
Open Society Initiative For Southern Africa (2012)

This book documents key deliberations at the Indaba (traditional leaders’ summit) which was held in Johannesburg, South Africa in April 2011. It also profiles some of the leaders who attended the summit.

Wangulu, E.F. (ed.)
The SAfAIDS HOV Rock Programme (2011)

This manual was designed to guide trainers in conducting workshops for religious leaders and women leaders of faith on GBV and HIV. It was created specifically for heads of religious organizations, such as inter-religious councils and women’s religious organizations. While this material was piloted with leaders, its intent is for it to be adapted to meet the specific priorities and needs of participants, such as other organization members.

Herstad, B.
U.S. Agency for International Development Health Policy Initiative (2009)

In part I, the Fact Sheet identifies and analyses the background to harmful traditional practices, their causes, and their consequences for the health of women and the girl child. Part II reviews the action taken by United Nations organs and agencies, Governments and organizations (NGOs). The Conclusions highlight the drawbacks in the implementation of the practical steps identified by the United Nations, NGOs and women's  organizations.

United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commisioner