Sexuality and Poverty

Error message

  • Notice: Undefined index: class in context_preprocess_menu_link() (line 247 of /var/www/vhosts-standalone/spl.ids.ac.uk/sites/spl.ids.ac.uk/modules/context/context.module).
  • Warning: in_array() expects parameter 2 to be array, null given in context_preprocess_menu_link() (line 247 of /var/www/vhosts-standalone/spl.ids.ac.uk/sites/spl.ids.ac.uk/modules/context/context.module).
18 resource(s)

Clips and documentaries

Lee Badgett talks to ogilvydo
Badgett, L.
oglivy do , YouTube (2016)

Lee Badgett talks to ogilvydo #OgilvyPride #EconPride

Lee Badgett is interviewed about her work on LGBT discrimination and work and the wage gap for LGBT workers. She also talks about the economic benefits on LGBT equality.

Articles

Queer precarity and the myth of gay affluence
Hollibaugh, A. and Weiss, M.
From New Labor Forum vol. 24 no. 3 18-27. New Labor Forum (2015)

This article argues that while LGBT people are typically depicted as affluent consumers with high disposable incomes, the majority of LGBT/Q people are poor or working class, female, and people of colour: a fact ignored by mainstream LGBT rights movement and activists in allied movements.

Whose sexuality counts? Poverty, participation and sexual rights
Armas, H.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS) (2009)

This research summary makes the case that policymakers must recognise sexual rights as a crucial battleground in the fight against poverty.

Poverty and Sexuality: What are the connections? An overview of the literature
Jolly, S.
Sida (2010)

This overview and literature review illustrates the necessity for economic policies and poverty reduction efforts to take account of sexuality. If they don’t, they risk exacerbating exclusions and inequalities, and becoming less effective.

Citizenship and (Post)Colonialism
Robinson, C.
(2013)

Decolonising Sexual Citizenship: who will effect change in the south of the Commonwealth Commonwealth Advisory Bureau

Reports

Sex work and its linkages with informal labour markets in India: Findings from the first pan-India survey of female sex workers
Sahani, R., Kalyan Shankar, V.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS) (2013)

This paper positions sex work within the broader spectrum of informal labour markets that women engage with in India. It puts forth an important dimension missing so far in sex work studies in India – of sex workers with prior or simultaneous labour market work experience.

Transgender at Work: Livelihoods for Transgender People in Vietnam
Hoang, T-A; Oosterhoff, P
Institute of Development Studies (2016)
  • The laws in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam promote equality for all citizens and refer to ‘persons’ rather than ‘men’ or ‘women’. However, because of traditional gender norms, transgender people in Vietnam are facing severe stigma and discrimination in public, in schools, at home and in the workplace.
  • Before 1975, homosexuality and transgenderism were considered ‘social diseases’, ‘social evils’, and were targets for elimination in government health and public policies; after 1975, there was a higher emphasis on this as the public saw them as remnants of American neo-colonialism.
  • Transgender people have difficulty accessing services and rights as they cannot change their personal identification card, which is an obstacle to obtaining social services, housing and work. 
  • Gender roles and norms affect the employment practices, options and preferences of transmen and transwomen differently. 

This study, undertaken by the Center for Creative Initiatives in Health and Population (CCIHP) and Institute of Development Studies (IDS), hopes to gain more insights into both the opportunities and the obstacles that trans people face and to understand how they could be supported to increase their livelihood options.

Sexuality and poverty synthesis report
Hawkins, K., Wood, S., Charles, T., He, X., Li, Z., Lim, A., Mountian, I. and Sharma, J.
IDS (2014)

This report synthesises learning from these audits and is part of a larger project that focuses on understanding the links between sexuality, gender plurality and poverty with the aim of improving socioeconomic policy and programming to support people marginalised because of their sexuality.

Policy audit: Social protection policies and urban poor LBTs in the Philippines
Lim, A.M., Jordan, C.M.
IDS (2013)

LGBT discourses worldwide have tended to focus on marriage equality at the expense of other equally pressing but sometimes ‘less sexy’ concerns such as gender-based discrimination and violence, and poverty among sexual minorities.

Literature review on sexuality and poverty
Oosterhoff, P., Waldman, L. and Olerenshaw, D.
IDS (2014)

This review of the evidence on sexuality and poverty is part of a larger Accountable Grant from the UK Government’s Department for International Development which aims to produce evidence-based, practical options for activists and policymakers for strengthening legal protection of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersexed, questioning people and for sexual rights more generally.

LGBT people living in poverty in Rio de Janeiro
Itaborahy, L.P.
Micro Rainbow International (2014)

This report argues that LGBT people in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, are more likely to become and/or remain poor due to stigma, prejudice and discrimination.

Poverty, sexual orientation and refugees in the UK
Micro Rainbow International (MRI) (2013)

This report shows that lesbian and gay refugees in the UK often live below the poverty line, are isolated and discriminated against. 

Case Study: Livelihood, Exclusion and Opportunity: Socioeconomic Welfare among Gender and Sexuality Non-normative People in India
Dhall, P. and Boyce, P.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS) (2015)
  • Facilitate awareness-generation sessions on psycho-social, medical and legal processes involved in feminisation/masculinisation (gender identity change, sexual reassignment surgery, hormonal therapy) for transgender people
  • Facilitate continuing initiatives that train and handhold people in negotiating the rules and regulations (paperwork) in applying for and accessing social security schemes, including timely follow-up
  • Support community discourse42 on issues of gender, sexuality and human rights to generate awareness and address self-stigma among people with non-normative genders and sexualities through community meetings/events/other forums

This case study explores the socioeconomic experiences of gender and sexuality minority peoples in India, especially in respect of ways in which sexual and gender ‘difference’ may be correlated to economic hardship and restricted opportunities for livelihood in the context of Indian socioeconomic ‘modernity’.

Sexuality and Poverty Synthesis Report
Hawkins, K., Wood, S., Charles, T., He, X., Li, Z., Lim, A., Mountian, I, and Sharma, J.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS) (2014)
  • Development and poverty-alleviation policies remain unable to fulfil their aim to raise the greatest number of people out of economic and social marginalisation because they fail to recognise and address ground-level realities.
  • Sexuality is directly related to physical, social and economic wellbeing, political participation and socioeconomic inclusion and the realisation of human rights, particularly for the poor and most marginalised.

This report synthesises learning from these audits and is part of a larger project that focuses on understanding the links between sexuality, gender plurality and poverty with the aim of improving socioeconomic policy and programming to support people marginalised because of their sexuality.

Literature Review on Sexuality and Poverty
Oosterhoff, P., Waldman, L. and Olerenshaw, D.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS) (2014)
  • Considerable work has now developed the case for sexuality as an appropriate concept for a development agenda. 
  • The arguments for including sexuality within the development agenda are linked to the acknowledgement of sexuality as a social and political process.

Understanding the links between sexuality and poverty with the aim of improving economic policy and programming to support people marginalised because of their sexuality

Policy Audit: 'Marriage Above All Else': The Push for Heterosexual, Nuclear Families in the Making of South Africa's White Paper on Families
Charles, T.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS) (2013)
  • South Africa is the only country in Africa where same-sex marriage is legal.
  • Despite a progressive constitution which outlaws discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, non-heterosexual families continue to be excluded from the benefits of the South African welfare system

This report comments on the policymaking processes that led to the development of the White Paper on Families as it exists in its current iteration (November 2013). The report highlights the power dynamics that have led to the inclusion and exclusion of specific content and language, particularly around the notion of what constitutes a family in contemporary South Africa. 

Policy Audit: Social Protection Policies and Urban Poor LBTs in the Philippines
GALANG
Institute of Development Studies (IDS) (2013)
  • Philippine law does not criminalize consensual same-sex acts and the principle of equality and non-discrimination are enshrined in the Constitution.
  • However, homosexuality continues to be policed in other ways such as arbitrary arrest by rogue enforcement officers, discrimination in social protection policies and bullying within the education system.

LGBT discourses worldwide have tended to focus on marriage equality at the expense of other equally pressing but sometimes ‘less sexy’ concerns such as gender-based discrimination and violence, and poverty among sexual minorities.

Sex work and economic empowerment programmes in Ethiopia
Overs, C.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS) (2014)
  • Prostitution is not explicitly criminalised and sex work is wide-spread and conducted with relative openness.
  • The vast majority of sex workers are 'undocumented' which means they do not have access to basic services like healthcare and education, land rights and water, and the right to vote, open a bank account, or register a marriage or birth.

This case study explores economic, legal and social issues that affect sex workers, with a particular focus on the role of poverty in sex workers' lives and the potential for poverty alleviation policies and programmes to help lift as many sex workers as possible out of poverty in order to reduce the exploitation, illness and violence associated with their work.

The resources in this section have been recommended by colleagues at the Sexuality and Development programme at IDS and our global partners. If you would like to suggest another report to include here please email the details to spltoolkit@ids.ac.uk