SDG 10: Reduce inequailty within & among countries

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Case Study: The legal status of the Anti Homosexuality Bill in Uganda

  • The Anti-Homosexuality Bill in Uganda contains a number of provisions that, for legal reasons, are nearly impossible to implement. Two examples include:
    1. The difficulty of collecting evidence as there is no 'complainant' for sex between consenting adults;
    2. The punishment is 'disproportionate' under criminal law as there is no vicitm of the 'crime' of homosexuality between consenting adults.

Location

Uganda
UG

Policy Audit: 'Marriage Above All Else': The Push for Heterosexual, Nuclear Families in the Making of South Africa's White Paper on Families

  • South Africa is the only country in Africa where same-sex marriage is legal.
  • Despite a progressive constitution which outlaws discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, non-heterosexual families continue to be excluded from the benefits of the South African welfare system

Location

South Africa
ZA

Policy Audit: Social Protection Policies and Urban Poor LBTs in the Philippines

  • Philippine law does not criminalize consensual same-sex acts and the principle of equality and non-discrimination are enshrined in the Constitution.
  • However, homosexuality continues to be policed in other ways such as arbitrary arrest by rogue enforcement officers, discrimination in social protection policies and bullying within the education system.

Location

Philippines
PH

Development, Discourse and Law: Transgender and Same-Sex Sexualities in Nepal

  • In 2011, Nepal became the first country in the world to add a third category in addition to male and female in the national population and housing census. Since 2013, the state have begun to issue citizenship documents listing a third gender.
  • While this affirms the equal citizenship rights of third gender people in Nepal, they continue to experience explicit prejudice, lack of economic opportunity and familial rejection. 

Location

Nepal
NP

Policy Audit: A heteronormativity audit of RMSA - a higher education programme in Indian schools

  • Fears about sexuality are a key reason for parents withdrawing girls from secondary education. This includes fears about girls' expressing their desires as well as fears about sexual violence.
  • The only place where sexuality is addressed in the examinable curriculum is through human reproduction in science textbooks. Evidence suggests that this is often taught inadequately as teachers feel inhibited and lack the skills to deliver the content appropriately.

Location

India
IN

Sexuality and disability in China

  • There is no mention of sexuality in the more than 50 laws, policies and regulations relating to disabled people in China.
  • A lack of legal framework and ongoing stigma attached to disability means that disabled people lack sexual autonomy and some may even face criminal prosecution for consensual sex with another disabled person.

Location

China
CN

Education policies in Brazil

  • Research indicates that many trans young people, and poor trans youth in particular, drop out of education or under perform due to bullying and violence in Brazilian schools.
  • Religious moral conservatism has played a big part in the failure of the 2004 'Brazil without Homophobia' programme to achieve its objectives of combating discrimination and supporting sexual diversity in the education system.

Location

Rio De Janeiro
Brazil
BR

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